A, B, C, D, E… which one do I need?
Skincare products will most definitely contain more than one vitamin, depending on your skin type and the type of product it is. As we know, good skincare starts with good nutrition, eating these vitamins will have a positive effect on the skin, but to boost the effect, we need to be using them on our skin too.
Here are some vitamins found in skincare and their benefits to your skin and wellbeing…
Good old vitamin A is also an antioxidant! It can be found in foods such as spinach, carrots, sweet potatoes, mangoes and apricots. However, it can also be found in dairy foods and eggs and is known as a retinoid which is essential for skin health. Most skincare serums and creams targeted at treating wrinkles contain vitamin A, as that is its speciality. It can also help with cell growth and increased collagen production. Less is more with vitamin A, as it can make the skin more sensitive to the sun, but with regular use, it can help achieve a clear complexion with reduced facial lines.
Vitamin C is an important one, vital for your overall health but just as important for your skin. Citrus fruit, tomatoes, broccoli and strawberries are good sources of the vitamin and the most important reason why it’s loved by the skin, is due to the fact it helps create collagen, and as we know, this is vital to keep the skin looking plump and youthful. Another antioxidant, Vitamin C also helps to protect us against the free radical damage inflicted on the skin from unprotected UV exposure and pollutants.
Whoop! Another antioxidant, Vitamin E is found in foods such as seeds, nuts vegetables and fruits. It’s often found in creams and lotions which aim to help scarred and problematic skin.
Known as the ‘Sunshine Vitamin’, Vitamin D helps to reduce free radicals that can cause premature ageing. The body can produce vitamin D on its own through sun exposure, however natural sources of vitamin D are found in mushrooms, fish and eggs.
Vitamin K is excellent at helping to heal wounds and bruises as it works to coagulate the blood. With this in mind, its excellent at improving skin problems involving the circulatory system, such as dark circles, spider veins, scaring and stretch marks. Cabbage, liver, kale and milk are all good sources of Vitamin K.
Also known as Niacin, Vitamin B3 is essential for healthy skin and is found in many beauty products, especially ones which aim to brighten the skin. It has a subtle exfoliating effect and will reduce areas of redness and inflammation.
Another one from the B family of vitamins, vitamin B5 helps to prevent skin water loss and strengthens the skin barrier, helping to improve the way it functions. Another way of getting this skin-loving vitamin into the body is through eating healthy whole grains, avocado and chicken.
Part of the Vitamin B complex, Vitamin B12 is known to boost skin metabolism. This means it helps nutrients to pass into the skin more easily. Excellent for keeping hair healthy and strong, it also encourages growth and keeps your hair colour looking brighter.
Found in foods like eggs, peanuts, and milk, Choline plays an important role in the skin cell membranes. It helps to maintain the structure of cell membranes and improves cell signalling.
Most of us are familiar with taking enough folic acid during pregnancy, however, folic acid also plays an important role in skin health and appearance. A study published in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology found that topical application of a mixture of folic acid and an amino acid, improved the firmness of skin by boosting collagen synthesis.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
These are good fats. Yay! The Omega-3 Fatty Acids help to keep your heart and skin healthy by regulating cell membranes. These clever omegas keep in the good and make sure the bad stay out.
Coenzyme Q10 is known to reduce damage to cells and encourages a speedier cell turnover. Very popular is anti-ageing skincare, it has been known to reduce the appearance of wrinkles quite dramatically.
Suffer from redness? Then Selenium is your friend! Decreasing redness, due to the fact it is a natural anti-inflammatory, it also helps to fight free radical cells. Preventing the damage and ageing caused by them.
An excellent ingredient in sun creams due to its sun protection abilities, it’s an acne fighter too! It helps to reduce the inflammatory response when suffering from acne, encouraging a quicker cell turnover and lowering the levels of oil production.